Yellow Flag Iris
Description: Growing to 3 - 5 feet high. The broad, flat leaves are stiff, erect, and green with a grayish-blue cast. The showy yellow flowers produce a large fruit each filled with over 100 seed. Seeds and fruits are buoyant, allowing them to be dispersed over long distances by water.
Ecological Threat: Widely planted around the world as a showy garden or pond plant, this iris has escaped intentional plantings. Can form dense colonies and impenetrable thickets in standing water, displacing native species and altering habitat for animals. All parts of the plant are poisonous.
Biology & Spread: Spreads vegetatively through the break-up of rhizomes and via dispersed seeds.
Threat in Oklahoma: Can survive a range of environmental conditions. Can be found in wetlands, shorelines, ditches, stream-banks, floodplain forests, and areas of shallow water. Currently the largest known infestation is near and along the Blue River in south-central Oklahoma.
Management: Problem Horticultural Plants