Systems Affected (standardized):
Regions(s) present (updated by AB):
grows especially well in riparian situations and has been documented as out-competing the native plains cottonwood (Populus deltoides). Impact outcomes
Damaged ecosystem services
Ecosystem change/ habitat alteration
Increases vulnerability to invasions
Modification of fire regime
Modification of hydrology
Modification of nutrient regime
Modification of successional patterns
Negatively impacts tourism
Reduced amenity values
Reduced native biodiversity
Competition - monopolizing resources
Competition - shading
Source? likely to be reintroduced:
E. angustifolia was introduced around the world intentionally for a variety of different reasons including as an ornamental, as wildlife habitat, as a honey plant, for erosion control, and for reforestation and revegetation.
Grows rapidly and can form monocultures. Grows especially well in riparian situations and has been documented as out-competing the native plains cottonwood Introduced intentionally as an ornamental, wildlife habitat, a honey plant, for erosion control, and for reforestation and revegetation.
Native Regions in OK:
Current and past designations:
KS, MO, NM, OKWL, TX
Present in OK?
Present in Bordering States?
OK, TX, NM, CO, KS, MO, LA, AR
Has Legal Status in BS?
CO List B, NM Class C