Systems Affected (standardized):
disturbed/waste areas, cropland/pastureland, forest/woodland, rangeland
Regions(s) present (updated by AB):
can form a dense shrub layer which displaces native species and closes open areas. Impact outcomes
Damaged ecosystem services
Ecosystem change/ habitat alteration
Increases vulnerability to invasions
Modification of fire regime
Modification of hydrology
Modification of nutrient regime
Modification of successional patterns
Negatively impacts forestry
Negatively impacts tourism
Reduced amenity values
Reduced native biodiversity
Threat to/ loss of native species
Competition - monopolizing resources
Competition - shading
Interaction with other invasive species
Source? likely to be reintroduced:
Long distance dispersal of E. umbellata has been due entirely to its intentional introduction for perceived environmental benefits.
Can form a dense shrub layer which displaces native species and closes open areas. Intentionally introduced for perceived environmental benefits.
Native Regions in OK:
Current and past designations:
Present in OK?
Present in Bordering States?
NM, KS, MO, AR, LA
Has Legal Status in BS?