Systems Affected (standardized):
disturbed/waste areas, forest/woodland, riparian/aquatic
Regions(s) present (updated by AB):
Can grow in a variety of habitats where it forms dense stands and crowds out native species. Altered trophic level
Damaged ecosystem services
Ecosystem change/ habitat alteration
Increases vulnerability to invasions
Modification of fire regime
Modification of nutrient regime
Modification of successional patterns
Reduced native biodiversity
Threat to/ loss of endangered species
Threat to/ loss of native species
Source? likely to be reintroduced:
Considered one of the most damaging invasives in the U.S. Infestations spread rapidly and the seed can remain viable in the soil for up to five years. Forms dense stands that crowd out native species. Probably introduced as packing material.
Native Regions in OK:
Current and past designations:
Present in OK?
Present in Bordering States?
TX, MO, AR, LA
Has Legal Status in BS?